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Green Coastal Shipping Program

Norway establishes the world’s most efficient and environmentally friendly coastal shipping.

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Initiated pilots - first in the world

Shipping companies establish emission cuts - suppliers new export opportunities.

Multimodal transport system with autonomous sea drones

Multimodal transport system with autonomous sea drones

There is a need for cost efficient multimodal transport of cargo over short distances to reduce road traffic and eliminate emissions.

The pilot develops a commercially and technically realizable zero-emission concept, where autonomous, electrical and flexible sea drones transport across fjords and short distances, and in combination with electrical trucks constitute a cost-efficient door-to-door transport system. Flexibility includes transport of different cargos; ro/ro, container and bulk.

Pilot owner: ASKO

Participants: Kongsberg Maritime, Naval Dynamics, Norwegian Maritime Authority, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, ABB, Enova and DNV GL

Status: The project is currently developing the concept with focus on the sea drone including propulsion and electrical system, cargo loading/unloading including the berth/terminal and business and technical risk analysis.

Hydrogen to the sea

Hydrogen by the sea

This pilot will work to develop knowledge and understanding needed for the successful introduction of zero emission shipping and how hydrogen can best contribute to this target. The pilot will investigate how (and where) to develop a maritime hydrogen infrastructure based on the real demands in shipping. The key focus areas are Norwegian coastal shipping and short sea shipping in the North Sea.

Pilot owner: Equinor

Participnats: Gasnor, Risavika port (Stavanger), Østensjø Rederi, Hyon, Flora municipality, Norwegian Shipowners’ Association, Seatrans, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL

Status: The pilot was initiated early in 2018. Initial case studies to explore how to synchronize supply and demand are under way.

Environmental Port Index EPI

Environmental Port Index (EPI)

The largest Norwegian cruise ports have developed the Environmental Port Index (EPI) - a methodology for quantifying and reporting ships environmental performance in ports. By rewarding green ships, Norwegian ports expect to attract “best in class” ships to Norwegian ports. The idea is to offer incentives for investing in green technologies as well as to increase the barriers for the more polluting ships. For port areas, this will lead to a significant reduction of ship emissions and impacts.

This pilot will contribute to the introduction of EPI as common standard for ships in Norwegian ports (and elsewhere). In its initial phase the project is focusing on cruise ships but it will eventually include other classes of ships too.

Pilot owner: Port Bergen

Participants: Port of Oslo, Port of Flora, Menon, Norske Havner, KS Bedrift, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, DNV GL

Status: An AIS-based (Automatic Identification System) emission inventory for cruise ships in Norwegian ports has been established. It has so far been used to calculate environmental damage cost (e.g. overall, selected ports, per port call). The project has also estimated potential annually cost savings and emission reductions for green cruise ships (case ship), assuming globally uptake of standards differentiating on environmental performance in ports.

Green financing solutions

The green shift in coastal shipping is dependent on use of innovative environmental technologies. Improved access to capital and financing of new technical solutions will accelerate the shift.

The pilot aims to develop and test attractive financing alternatives and structures that support new and future technical solutions, with involvement from both public and private sector.

Pilot owner: Danske Bank 

Participants: Swedbank, Kystrederiene, GIEK, Enova, ABB, Hydro, Asko, Innovasjon Norge, Hyon, ZEM, Ship Owner Assoc., Seatrans, Torghatten, NOx-fund, DNV GL

Status: Pilot just established (June 2018). 

Green smart vessel - how it works

Green smart vessel

The ongoing digitalization of onboard systems gives new possibilities for ship owners to optimize operations. The pilot “Green smart vessels” is focusing on the methodology behind establishing secure data systems onboard and ashore to achieve reductions in fuel consumption and emissions.

Pilot owner: Østensjø Rederi

Participants: Teekay, Statoil, ABB, DNV GL

Status: The pilot contains three scenarios describing the chain of information flow from the vessel, combining vessel data with shore-based systems, and how to share information with third parties. The first scenario is in progress (June 2018).

Plug-in hybrid fishing vessels

Plug-in hybrid fishing vessels

Fiskebåt (The Norwegian Fishing Vessel Owners’ Association) aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the fishing fleet by at least 40 percent. The pilot is conducting a technical survey of possible low and zero emission solutions for fishing vessels. It is a challenge that the fleet consists of very different vessels with different operating patterns.

Pilot owner: Fiskebåt 

Participants: Corvus, Flora municipality, Norwegian Maritime Authority, ZEM, DNV GL.

Status: Fiskebåt has contributed with operational data for different vessels. Plug-in hybrid solutions with batteries as well as LNG and biofuel have been assessed for the different ship types. The goal is to link a chosen solution to a newbuilding project by 2020. The pilot study has recommended a study investigating barriers and possible solutions for an effective green shift, to be carried out.

Sea-based transport system for fresh fish

Sea-based transport system for fresh fish

The rapidly growing aquaculture industry needs a sustainable alternative to road-based transport to reduce emissions, accidents and road wear.

The pilot develops a commercially and technically realizable concept for transporting fresh fish from central Norway to Europe. The pilot is an important learning project for socioeconomic analyses for all partners in the program.

Pilot owner: Kystrederiene 

Participants: Marine Harvest, Salmar, ABB, Menon, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL

Status: The project has shown that the concept is realistic for profitable ocean-based transport from central Norway to Europe to meet market needs. Results show great socioeconomic benefits. The solution is already realized using existing ships and shipping lines in the first phase, and then with new, climate-friendly hybrid ships in the following phase.

Biodiesel-powered plug-in hybrid ferry

Biodiesel-powered plug-in hybrid ferry

Sustainable biodiesel provides low greenhouse gas emissions. The Torghatten pilot investigates the possibilities for building a ferry running exclusively on sustainable biodiesel. The pilot assesses sustainability issues, NOx emissions, as well as price and availability of biodiesel.

Pilot owner: Torghatten 

Participants: ABB, Corvus, Echandia, Energy Norway, Gasnor, Goodfuels, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL

Status: MF Hornstind was completed in 2017. However, lack of reliability in biodiesel supply and high price means that biodiesel does not appear to be a valid alternative during the remaining contract period in Nordland. The ferry is also built to be able to go battery hybrid with marine gas oil, or fully electric for future tenders with zero and low emission requirements.

Hydrogen powered passenger boat

Hydrogen powered passenger boat

Hydrogen is the only zero emission fuel alternative for energy-demanding and long distances. Flora municipality, together with the local business community, has initiated a project for a hydrogen-powered fast boat for 100 passengers on the Florø - Måløy route. The pilot is developing the ship design while analyzing the feasibility, investments and operating costs, payback period and environmental benefits.

Pilot owner: Municipality of Flora 

Participants: Maritime Association of Sogn and Fjordane, Kongsberg, ABB, Corvus, Echandia, KS Business, Statoil, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL

Status: Sogn and Fjordane County Municipality have a crucial role in the realization of the pilot by demanding a zero-emission solution through innovative procurement (e.g. a development contract). The goal is to have the fast boat in operation from 2021.

Autonomous battery-powered container ship Yara Birkeland

Autonomous battery-powered container ship

The pilot investigates how a new ship type, a battery-powered unmanned ship with zero emissions, can contribute to moving cargo from road to sea. The idea is based on DNV GL’s autonomous concept vessel, ReVolt. The ambition is to establish a standardized and autonomous shipping and logistics concept for the global market.

Pilot owner: Kongsberg

Participants: Risavika Harbor, Seatrans, Kystverket, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL

Status: Through this pilot, Kongsberg has developed competence which has been utilized in the Yara Birkeland autonomous ship, with automated cargo handling. The implementation of the pilot through Yara Birkeland will show that the concept is realizable and sustainable. After testing in 2018/19, a fully autonomous solution between Herøya-Brevik-Larvik will be in place by 2020.

Battery hybrid shuttle tanker

Battery hybrid shuttle tanker

This pilot investigates how the use of batteries and utilization of vapor from the oil cargo can improve a shuttle tanker’s operation and reduce fuel costs, while significantly reducing emissions of climate and environmental gases.

Pilot owner: Teekay 

Participants: Statoil, Kongsberg, ABB, Gasnor / Shell, Norwegian Maritime Authority, Maritime Battery Forum, DNV GL

Status: Teekay has four shuttle tankers under construction. Completion in 2019 and 2020.

Hybrid aquaculture vessel

Hybrid aquaculture vessel

Using LNG in combination with batteries can make vessels serving the aquaculture industry more energy efficient and can significantly reduce emissions. The pilot examines which hybrid propulsion system works best to reduce emissions and operating costs, as well as ensuring safe operation at the cages.

Pilot owner: ABB/Kystrederiene 

Participants: Egil Ulvan Rederi, ZEM, Kongsberg, GMC, DNV GL 

Status: Egil Ulvan Rederi is building the world’s first plug-in hybrid cargo vessel, which also serves the fish farming industry. This is a highly advanced and environmentally innovative new build based on the Cargo Ferry Pilot and the Aquaculture Pilot under the Green Coastal Shipping Program. Completion in 2020.

Green port

Green port

By analyzing energy consumption and offering liquid natural gas and electrical power to ships, ports can become green energy and logistics hubs. This pilot explores electric-powered port vehicles and cranes, smart efficiency-enhancing electronic goods and transportation management, as well as the use of plug-in charging stations for shore power, all-electric and hybrid ships.

Pilot owner: Risavika port (Stavanger) 

Participants: GMC, ABB, Kystrederiene, ZEM, Statoil, Kongsberg, Kystverket, DNV GL

Status: Risavika has achieved major reductions in emissions and costs by making climate and environment a central part of its business strategy. The port has become a showcase for other ports and is continuing to work for improvements. Risavika is today among the world’s largest bunkering ports for LNG-powered ships.