- Keywords: Statutory, Maritime
Relevant for ship owners and managers, shipyards, design offices, suppliers and flag states.
On 13 April 2018, the IMO adopted a strategy to reduce GHG emissions from shipping. The strategy is the first step of a roadmap adopted by the IMO to address GHG emissions in shipping.
The 50% emission reduction is ambitious, and will likely call for widespread uptake of zero-carbon fuels, in addition to other energy efficiency measures. These fuels are not available today, and there needs to be a consorted effort towards developing such fuels and making them available in the necessary quantity. At the same time, all other industries and nations are expected to contribute to reducing GHG emissions. This will both complement the efforts in the shipping industry, but at the same time there will be competition for the zero-carbon fuels.
Possible policy measures
The strategy contains a long list of possible measures that the IMO can implement, both regulatory measures and supporting measures. The IMO’s next step will be to prioritize and decide on which measures to follow up and to develop an action plan.
Some of the measures under consideration are:
Short term (until 2023):
- Review and strengthen EEDI, including new phases
- Develop operational indicators
- Speed reduction/optimization
- National Action Plans (domestic measures, decided independently by countries)
- Life cycle GHG/carbon intensity guidelines for fuels
Medium term (2023 to 2030):
- New reduction mechanism, possibly including operational indicators
- Market-based measures
- Implementation programme for low-carbon fuels
Long term (2030 onwards):
- Development and provision of zero-carbon fuels
- Other innovative reduction mechanisms
This is an initial strategy, and according to the roadmap there will a review in 5 years, based on the results from the Data Collection System and a 4th IMO GHG study to be undertaken in 2019. A programme for follow-up actions of the strategy will be discussed at the IMO in a working group meeting, likely in September, and at MEPC 73 in October, 2018.
This will not impact existing ships in the short term, but over time requirements are expected to apply for both new designs and existing ships. Ship owners and builders are recommended to monitor and explore energy efficiency and alternative low-carbon fuel options.
2020 Sulphur update - outcome of the MEPC 74
The 74th session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 74) was held at IMO in London on 13–17 May 2019. This was the last MEPC meeting before the 0.50% global sulphur limit takes effect on 1 January 2020, and the focus was on the implementation and completion of guidelines to help stakeholders prepare and ensure consistent implementation. We strongly recommend stakeholders to prepare in due course and update plans according to the latest IMO guidance. This statutory news contains a summary of sulphur-related resolutions and circulars adopted at MEPC 74.
EU MRV and IMO DCS - some practical recommendations
This technical news contains some recommendations relevant to both EU MRV and IMO DCS.
Prepare for the Global Sulphur Cap 2020 with the IMO Ship Implementation Plan
The IMO has agreed on 1 January 2020 as the date for switching to 0.50% sulphur fuel globally. Now, as ship owners face the daunting task of preparing for the fuel oil switch, proper planning is essential. The IMO Guidance for developing a Ship Implementation Plan (SIP) is a useful tool, and described further in this technical news.
Survey by remote inspection techniques - use of approved service suppliers
The use of remote inspection techniques (RIT) is increasing. Today, drones, climbers, or robot arms, can be used as an alternative to close-up surveys in both the DNV GL rules and IACS Unified Requirements. RIT may significantly reduce the survey time and costs, while improving the safety of surveyors and the owner’s personnel. From 1 January 2019, DNV GL has approved the use of service suppliers for RIT. This technical news explains how RIT can be used and how suppliers can achieve DNV GL approval.
IMO requirements July 2018 to May 2021
This statutory news summarizes the most important IMO requirements entering into force from 1 July 2018 up to and including 31 May 2021.
Outcome of the IMO SSE 6 meeting - from habitable life boat environments to Ro-Ro deck fires
The IMO sub-committee on Ship Systems and Equipment (SSE) met in London on 4–8 March 2019. This statutory news summarizes the main topics discussed, such as, life-saving appliances, fire safety of Ro-Ro passenger ships, and on-board lifting appliances. All agreements made at the meeting are subject to final approval by MSC 101 in June 2019.
Recommissioning of laid-up ships and mobile offshore units - how to avoid surprises
When the market moves back from a downturn, vessels are leaving the lay-up buoys and the focus shifts from preservation to recommissioning. DNV GL has accumulated its best practices into a revised Recommended Practice (RP) containing a new approach for assurance of non-class equipment and systems during recommissioning.
Sulphur limit in ECAs - increased risk of PSC deficiencies and detentions
DNV GL keeps customers and other stakeholders updated on various aspects of the global 2020 sulphur cap and its implications for maritime shipping. While the global cap of 0.5% is just around the corner – entering into force on 1 January 2020 – this PSC news focuses on existing emission control areas (ECAs) with a 0.10% sulphur limit and the role of port state control (PSC) inspections.