Shipping and coastal port facilities are especially vulnerable to changing weather conditions. Climate change is likely to increase hazards. Although uncertainties remain about the amount of increase, it is time to start planning for adaptation.
The sea has been the largest carrier of freight throughout recorded history. As global international trade has increased, so has the demand for sea transport of people and goods. Climate change may create serious risks for ports and ships, reduce the efficiency of transport and necessitate rebuilding of infrastructure.