Publications

Our experts' publications in scientific journals, conference proceedings or other papers made available for public access in 2020.
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emptyOil and Gas

Author: Agrell, Christian; Eldevik, Simen; Gramstad, Odin and Hafer, Andreas
Title: Contribution to the NASA Langley UQ challenge on optimization under uncertainty 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and the 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020 PSAM15) June 22-26, Venezia, Italy, 2020
Available at: https://www.rpsonline.com.sg/proceedings/esrel2020/html/5508.xml


Author: Eldevik, Simen; Sætre, Stian; Katla, Erling and Aardal, Andreas Buvarp 
Title: Offshore drilling: extending the weather window for operations by optimal use of simulations and probabilistic machine learning 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020, Virtual online conference, August 3.-7, 2020 OMAE2020-19119  


Author: Eldevik, Simen and Sætre, Stian 
Title: Offshore workover operations: reducing uncertainty of critical weather scenarios by optimal use of simulations and probabilistic machine learning 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and the 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020 PSAM15) June 22-26, Venezia, Italy, 2020 
Available at: https://www.rpsonline.com.sg/proceedings/esrel2020/html/4901.xml 


Author: Hafver, Andreas; Pedersen, Frank Børre 
Title: Utilization of risk priority number to systems-theoretic process analysis: A practical solution to manage a large number of unsafe control actions and loss scenarios 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability, 2020 
Available at: https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn:aaid:scds:US:0a975ede-6cb3-448a-90da-e263263b227e 


Author: Haugen, Odd Ivar  
Title: Framework for safety analysis of complex systems
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and the 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020 PSAM15) June 22-26, Venezia, Italy, 2020  
Available at: https://www.rpsonline.com.sg/proceedings/esrel2020/html/3968.xml 


Author: Hektor, Erik Andreas 
Title: Actionable plans to reduce oil and gas emissions
Notes: DNV GL Group Technology and Research - Position paper, 2020 
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/oilgas/campaign/actionable-plans-to-reduce-oil-and-gas-emissions-whitepaper.html


Author: Pedersen, Frank Børre et al. 
Title: An external shock - internal barrier degradation model to account for operational loads 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and the 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020 PSAM15) June 22-26, Venezia, Italy, 2020
Available at: https://www.rpsonline.com.sg/proceedings/esrel2020/html/4535.xml 

emptyEnergy Transition

Author: Alvik, Sverre; Bakken, Bent Erik; Horschig, Thomas; Koefoed, Anne Louise; McConnell, Erica; Rinaldo, Mats; Shafiei, Ehsan; Zwarts, Roal Jouke; Özgün, Onur. Editor; Irvine, Mark Customer website: https://eto.dnvgl.com/2020/index.html#sectoroverview 
Title: Energy transition outlook 2020 - executive summary: a global and regional forecast to 2050 
Notes: The report has been prepared by DNV GL as a cross-disciplinary exercise between the DNV GL Group and our business areas of Oil & Gas, Energy, and Maritime across 15 countries. Project director: Sverre Alvik. Modelling responsible: Onur Özgün. Core team and contributing authors: Bent Erik Bakken, Thomas Horschig, Anne Louise Koefoed, Erica McConnell, Mats Rinaldo, Ehsan Shafiei, Roel Jouke Zwart. Communication responsible and editor: Mark Irvine 
Available at: https://eto.dnvgl.com/2020/highlights


Author: Alvik, Sverre; Bakken, Bent Erik; Özgün, Onur; Horschig, Thomas; Koefoed, Anne Louise; McConnell, Erica; Rinaldo, Mats; Shafiei, Ehsan; Zwarts, Roal Jouke. Editor; Irvine, Mark 
Title: Energy transition outlook 2020: a global and regional forecast to 2050 
Notes: The report has been prepared by DNV GL as a cross-disciplinary exercise between the DNV GL Group and our business areas of Oil & Gas, Energy, and Maritime across 15 countries. Project director: Sverre Alvik. Modelling responsible: Onur Özgün. Core team and contributing authors: Bent Erik Bakken, Thomas Horschig, Anne Louise Koefoed, Erica McConnell, Mats Rinaldo, Ehsan Shafiei, Roel Jouke Zwart. Communication responsible and editor: Mark Irvine
Available at: https://eto.dnvgl.com/2020/what-is-energy-transition-report 


Author: Alvik, Sverre; Bakken, Bent Erik; Özgün, Onur; Aarnes, Jørg; Parker, Christian 
Title: Energy transition outlook 2020 - oil & gas: a global and regional forecast to 2050 
Notes: The report has been prepared by DNV GL as a cross-disciplinary exercise between the DNV GL Group and business area Oil & Gas. Project director: Sverre Alvik. Modelling and core research team: Onur Özgün, Bent Erik Bakken, Thomas Horschig, Anne Louise Koefoed, Erica McConnell, Mats Rinaldo, Ehsan Shafiei, Roel Jouke Zwart. Lead authors: Jørg Aarnes, Christian Parker 
Available at: https://eto.dnvgl.com/2020/oil-gas/


Author: Alvik, Sverre; Bakken, Bent Erik; Özgün, Onur; Horschig, Thomas; Koefoed, Anne Louise; McConnell, Erica; Rinaldo, Mats; Shafiei, Ehsan; Zwarts, Roal Jouke. Editor; Irvine, Mark  
Title: Energy transition outlook 2020 - power supply and use: a global and regional forecast to 2050 
Notes: The report has been prepared by DNV GL as a cross-disciplinary exercise between the DNV GL Group and Energy business area. Project director: Sverre Alvik. Modelling and core research team: Onur Özgün Bent Erik Bakken, Thomas Horschig, Anne Louise Koefoed, Erica McConnell, Mats Rinaldo, Ehsan Shafiei, Roel Jouke Zwart. Lead author: Jeremy Parkes 
Available at: https://eto.dnvgl.com/2020/power-supply-use/


Author: Alvik, Sverre; Bartnes, Gudmund; Horschig, Thomas; Koefoed, Anne Louise; Rinaldo, Mats; Özgün, Onur    
Title: Energy Transition Norway 2020 - A national forecast to 2050 
Notes: The report was commissioned by Norsk Industri and produces a single ‘best-estimate’ forecast of the likely future for the Norwegian energy system, taking into account expected developments in policies, technologies and associated costs, as well as some behavioural changes. Modelling responsible: Onur Özgün. Project manager: Mats Rinaldo.
Available at: https://www.norskindustri.no/dette-jobber-vi-med/energi-og-klima/energy-transition-norway/


Author: Alvik, Sverre; Bakken, Bent Erik  
Title: Global emission reductions resulting from Norway’s EV policy 
Notes: The report investigates the global effect on emissions reductions produced by Norway’s proactive and well-funded investment in electric vehicles (EVs). The insights from the study were published in the Aftenposten newspaper as an article (Norwegian language) 
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/energy-transition/how-norway-evs-have-cut-emissions-globally.html


Author: Bakken, Bent Erik; van den Noort, Albert; Vos, Maurice; ten Kate, Warner; Özgün, Onur 
Title: European Carbon Neutrality: The Importance of Gas, A study for Eurogas 
Notes: In November 2018, the European Commission proposed eight scenarios to achieving its vision of a carbon neutral 2050 energy system. Gas fuels are necessary in all the scenarios identified by the European Commission, but the need for gas is considerably higher in some. To investigate these scenarios further and understand what would need to change in both our society and our energy mix, Eurogas commissioned a study with DNV GL to demonstrate there are many different pathways to 2050. 
Available at: https://eurogas.org/knowledge_centre/a-pathway-to-a-carbon-neutral-2050-the-role-of-gas/  


Author: Irvine, Mark; Rinaldo, Mats 
Title: Tesla’s Battery Day and the energy transition - Accelerated developments are in line with DNV GL’s forecast  
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/feature/tesla-battery-day-energy-transition.html 


Author: Koefoed, Anne Louise; Rustad, Marie Jonette; Zwart, Roel Jouke
Title: Responding to COVID-19 and the energy transition – Two sides of the same coin 
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/energy-transition/responding-to-covid-19-and-the-energy-transition.html 

Maritime

Author: Bitner-Gregersen, Elzbieta M.; Gramstad, Odin et al. 
Title: Challenges in description of non- linear waves due to sampling variability  
Notes: [Published in] Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 4, 1 April 2020, Article number 279
Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8040279 


Author: Bitner-Gregerse, Elzbieta M.; Gramstad, Odin et al. 
Title: Extreme wave events and sampling variability 
Notes: [Published in] Ocean Engineering, online 20th November 2020
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10236-020-01422-z 


Author: Brandsæter, Andreas; Smefjell, Georg; van de Merwe, Koen and Kamsvåg, Vegard 
Title: Assuring safe implementation of decision support functionality based on data-driven methods for ship navigation
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and the 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020 PSAM15) June 22-26, Venezia, Italy, 2020 
Available at: https://www.rpsonline.com.sg/proceedings/esrel2020/html/4899.xml 


Author: Brinks, Hendrik W. and Hektor, Erik Andreas  
Title: Ammonia as a marine fuel: White paper
Notes: Part of DNV GL Maritime publications: "Assessment of selected alternative fuels and technologies"  
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/publications/ammonia-as-a-marine-fuel-191385


Author: Gramstad, Odin et al.
Title: Variational Boussinesq model for kinematics calculation of surface gravity waves over bathymetry 
Notes: [Published in] Wave Motion, Volume 100, January 2021, Article number 102665. Online from October 2020. 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wavemoti.2020.102665 


Author: Gramstad, Odin; Agrell, Christian; Bitner-Gregersen, Elzbieta; Guo, Bingjie; Ruth, Eivind; Vanem, Erik  
Title: Sequential sampling method using Gaussian process regression for estimating extreme structural response 
Notes: [Published in] Marine Structures, Volume 72, July 2020, Article number 102780 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marstruc.2020.102780 


Author: Guo, Bingjie; Vartdal, Bjørn-Johan and Alnes, Øystein Åsheim 
Title: CFD-based operation optimization of hydbrid ships
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020, Virtual online conference, August 3.-7, 2020 OMAE2020-18764 


Author: Karolilus, Kristian Bertheussen et al.
Title: Risk-based, sensor-fused detection of flooding causalities for emergency response 
Notes: [Published online in] Ships and Offshore Structures 18. March 2020 DOI: 10.1080/17445302.2020.1735846
Available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17445302.2020.1735846?journalCode=tsos20 


Author: Knutsen, Knut Erik et al.
Title: Towards a design framework for maritime asset servitization 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and the 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020 PSAM15) June 22-26, Venezia, Italy, 2020
Available at: https://www.rpsonline.com.sg/proceedings/esrel2020/html/3825.xml 


Author: Liang, Qin; Tvete, Hans Anton and Brinks, Hendrik W. 
Title: Prediction of vessel propulsion power from machine learning models based on synchronized AIS-, ship performance measurements and ECMWF weather data 
Notes: [Paper presented at] The 3rd International Conference on Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship (ICMASS 2020) 11-12 November 2020, Ulsan, South Korea [Published in] IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 929 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/929/1/012012 


Author: Psarros, George; Hamann, Rainer 
Title: A novel method for safety analysis of cyber-physical systems - application to a ship exhaust gas scrubber system 
Notes: [Published in] Safety 2020, 6(2), 26. This article belongs to the special issue "Maritime Safety and Operations". 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/safety6020026


Author: Psarros, George et al. 
Title: Smart tanker shipping supported by STM BALT SAFE 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of 8th Transport Research Arena TRA 2020, April 27-30, 2020, Helsinki, Finland  


Author: Pulsa, Romans; Psarros, George; Astrup, Ole Christian and Tvete, Hans Anton
Title: SEAMAN: Deliverable for WP H2 Part B: Dynamic barrier management - methodology Edition: Rev. 6 
Notes:  In cooperation with University of Strathclyde, Maritime Safety Research Center. The SEAMAN project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council. Document no: D2-UoS.  


Author: Tvete, Hans Anton; Guo, Bingjie; Liang, Qin and Brinks, Hendrik W.   
Title: A modelling system for power consumption of marine traffic 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020, Virtual online conference, August 3.-7, 2020 OMAE2020-18651


Author: Vanem, Erik 
Title: Bivariate regional extreme value analysis for significant wave height and wave period 
Notes: [Published in] Applied Ocean Research, Volume 101, August 2020 Article number 102266
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2020.102266 


Author: Vanem, Erik 
Title: Adjusting environmental contours for specified expected number of unwanted events 
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020, Virtual online conference, August 3.-7, 2020 OMAE2020-19293  


Author: Vanem, Erik et al. Title:  Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020, Virtual online conference, August 3.-7, 2020 OMAE2020-18041 
Title: Environmental contours based on direct sampling approach and the I-FORM approach: Contribution to a benchmark study
Notes: [Published in] Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020, Virtual online conference, August 3.-7, 2020 OMAE2020-18041  


Author: Vanem, Erik and Engelhardtsen, Øystein et al. 
Title: AIS-based multiple vessel collision and grounding risk identification based on adaptive safety domain 
Notes: [Published in] Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, 1 January 2020, Article number 5 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8010005

emptyPower and Renewables

Author: Bleeg, James  
Title: A Graph Neural Network Surrogate Model for the Prediction of Turbine Interaction Loss
Notes: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1618/6/062054 [Proceedings of] The Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2020) 


Author: Bossanyi, Ervin and Ruisi, Renzo et al. 
Title: An initial study into the potential of wind farm control to reduce fatigue loads and extend asset life 
Notes: [Published in] Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 1618, Issue 2, 22 September 2020, Article number 02200 [Presented at] Science of Making Torque from Wind 2020, TORQUE 2020; Virtual, Online; Netherlands; 28. September - 2. October 2020
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1618/2/022007


Author: Bossanyi, Ervin and Ruisi, Renzo 
Title: Axial induction controller field test at Sedini wind farm 
Notes: [Published in] Wind Energy Science June 2020. In review 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2020-88 


Author: Sauba, Ganesh et al 
Title: Smart4RES: Towards next generation forecasting tools of renewable energy production
Notes: [Paper presented at] European Geosciences Union, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online 4.-8. May 2020. Smart4RES is a European collaborative R&D project funded under the EU Horizon 2020 programme. Paper no.: EGU2020-20205. 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-20205 


Author: Schoot, Wouter; de Boer, Wouter and Bossanyi, Ervin 
Title: Grid frequency stability with wind power: Irish case study using closed loop simulation environment 
Notes: [Paper presented at] 9th Wind Integration Workshop, 11.-20. November 2020. In press. The paper is part of the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, TotalControl Deliverable no. D4.1 
Available at: https://www.totalcontrolproject.eu/dissemination-activities/publications


Author: Guerra, Luis Gerado; Mercado Ruiz, Paul and Landberg, Lars 
Title:  A data-driven model for solar inverters
Notes: [Presentation held at] European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, EU PVSEC 2020, 7.-11. September 2020. Part of Session 5DO.4: Fault Detection 
Abstract: https://www.eupvsec-planner.com/presentations/c49185/a_data-driven_model_for_solar_inverters.htm 


Author: Mercado Ruiz, Paul; Guerra, Luis Gerado and Landberg, Lars 
Title: A machine learning-based anomaly detection system for solar inverters 
Notes: [Presentation held at] European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, EU PVSEC 2020, 7.-11. September 2020. Part of Session 5CV.3: Operation, Performance and Maintenance of PV systems
Abstract: https://www.eupvsec-planner.com/presentations/c49428/a_machine_learning-based_anomaly_detection_system_for_solar_inverters.htm 


Author: Peters, Kimberly; Evans, Ian; Traiger, Elizabeth; Collins, Jon: Mathews, Cristen and Klehr, Amanda 
Title: Landscape factors associated with fatalities of migratory tree-roosting bats at wind energy facilities: An initial assessment 
Document Number: 2019-P053
Notes: Technical report funded by Wild Wildlife Reserach Fund and published by American Wind Wildlife Institute (AWWI ), Washington, DC. 
Available at: https://awwi.org/resources/wwrf-landscape-factors-bats-2019/ 

emptyDigital Assurance

Author: Martin-Recuerda, Francisco; Walther, Dirk and Eisinger, Siegfried et al 
Title: Revisiting ontologies of units of measure for harmonising quantity values - a use case 
Notes: [Published in] The Semantic Web - ISWC 2020, 19th International Semantic Web Conference, Athens, Greece, 2.-6. November 2020, Proccedings, Part II. Part of Springer series: Lecture notes in computer science ISBN 978-3-030-62466-8 
Available at: https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030624651 


Author: Fackrell, Justin; Glomsrud, Jon Arne; Eisinger, Siegfried 
Title: A structured approach to risk assessment of machine learning applications 
Notes: [Published in] Ball A., Gelman L., Rao B. (eds) Advances in Asset Management and Condition Monitoring. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 166. Springer, Cham. 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57745-2_33 


Author: Glomsrud, Jon Arne et al 
Title: A framework to model the STPA hierarchical control structure of an autonomous ship 
Notes: [Published in] Safety Science, Volume 132, December 2020, Article number 104939
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104939  


Author: Pedersen, Tom Arne and Glomsrud, Jon Arne et al. 
Title: Towards simulation-based verification of autonomous navigation systems 
Notes: [Published in] Safety Science, Volume 129, September 2020, Article number 104799
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104799


Author: Smogeli, Øyvind; Jamt, Levi et al. 
Title: Digital twin modelling of ship power and propulsion systems. Application of the open simulation platform (OSP) 
Notes: [Paper presented at] 29th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, ISIE 2020; Delft; Netherlands; 17.- 19. June 2020. DOI: 10.1109/ISIE45063.2020.9152218 


Author: St. Clair, Asuncion Lera et al  
Title: Leveraging digital disruptions for a climate-safe and equitable world: the Dˆ2S agenda
Notes: [Paper published in] IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 11-13, June 2020
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/MTS.2020.2991495


Author: Stensrud, Erik; Hamre, Geir; Raeissi, Bahman; Xie, Jing and Ødegårdstuen, André et al.
Title: Towards remote inspections of maritime vessels using drones instrumented with computer vision and hyperspectral imaging 
Notes: [Paper presented at] 19th Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries (COMPIT'20), Pontignano, Italy, 17-19 August 2020


Author: Luers, A.; Garard, J.; St.Clair, A.L.; Gaffney, O.; Hassenboehler, T.; Langlois, L.; Mougeot, M.; and Luccioni, S.
Title: Leveraging Digital Disruptions for a Climate-Safe and Equitable World: The Dˆ2S Agenda
Notes: [Published in] IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 11-13, June 2020, doi: 10.1109/MTS.2020.2991493 

Precision Medicine

Author: Agafonov, Oleg et al 
Title: Accuracy and efficiency of germline variant calling pipelines for human genome data 
Notes: [Published in] Scientific Reports volume 10, Article number: 20222 (2020) 
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-77218-4 


Author: Alagaratnam, Sharmini 
Title: Germline genomic medicine: a BigMed need analysis : BigMed white paper 
Available at: https://bigmed.no/assets/Reports/bigmed-dnv-gl-genomic-medicine-needs-white-paper-2020.pdf 


Author: Courivaud, Frédéric 
Title: Clinical decision support software - regulatory landscape in Europe from May 26th 2020 : White paper
Notes: As the result of an activity in the BigMed project, this paper attempts to provide an overview of the ruling principles for the regulation of clinical decision support (CDS) software in Europe.


Co-Author: Ray-Sannerud, Bobbie Nicole  
Title: Consent for clinical genetic testing in Norway: considerations to the development of process and content
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/publications/consent-for-clinical-genetic-testing-in-norway-180415 

emptyOcean Space

Author: Pretlove, Bente (editor)
Title: Ocean stewardship 2030 - Ten ambitions and recommendations for growing sustainable ocean business  
Notes: Report published in collaboration with the UN Global Compact Action platform for Sustainable Ocean Business 
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/publications/ocean-stewardship-2030-176995

emptyArtificial Intelligence

Author: Chen, Yan Zhi
Title: Automation of non-destructive testing process: White paper
Available at: https://www.dnvgl.com/publications/automation-of-non-destructive-testing-process-192415